The evidence so far suggests that there may be some effect on cartilage and bone densities, and it is correlated with weight loss. I understand that there is no evidence to suggest that it stimulates the release of IGF-1, which is the mechanism via which growth hormone gets most of its purported performance enhancing effects (i.e. muscle bulk). Whilst this is a decent list of things to test if one is considering AOD9604 as simply a variant of growth hormone, it is by no means exhaustive of all the mechanisms via which a drug can enhance athletic performance. The evidence thus far suggests that AOD9604 could be performance enhancing, but there is nothing I would hang my hat on. That is why I maintain that Dank is more sorcerer than scientist.
The expression of β3-AR RNA was assessed by RT by using radiolabeled primers and Southern blot analysis. Labeled bands were identified and semiquantitated by phosphorimaging. RT-PCR analysis demonstrated that ob/ob mice express lower amounts ofβ 3-AR RNA in their white (Fig. 3A) and brown (Fig. 3B) adipose tissues, compared with lean C57BL/6J mice, in agreement with others (14). Figure 3A shows the effect of saline, AOD9604, and hGH on β3-AR RNA expression in epididymal adipose tissue from both lean and obese mice, respectively. The level of β3-AR expression increased significantly in response to AOD9604 and hGH only in the obese mice, correlating with the significant decrease in epididymal adipose tissue weights seen in these mice. The same correlation was observed in brown adipose tissue, where increased expression of β3-AR was accompanied by a decrease in brown adipose tissue mass in both lean and obese mice (Fig. 3B).
Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 14.0 (SPSS, Chicago, Ill). The differences of gross morphological and histolopathological findings and lameness period among four groups were assessed using the Kruskal–Wallis test. The Mann–Whitney U test was used to compare the gross morphological and histolopathological findings and lameness period between two groups, and p-values <0.05 were considered statistically significant.
Due to the similarity of AOD9604 to the C-terminus component of hGH some parameters that are associated with hGH activity have been carefully monitored in the long-term studies: 1). Oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT) were conducted to assess the effect of treatment on glucose handling. 2). Testing for any anti-AOD9604 antibodies in blood samples of participants was conducted to investigate if oral administration of AOD9604 resulted in the generation of neutralizing antibodies. 3). Serum levels of IGF-1 were measured to confirm the hypothesis that unlike hGH, AOD9604 does not act via IGF-1 or raise IGF-1 levels.
Time line of collagenase, saline, HA and AOD9604 injection. Collagenase (0.25 mg) was injected in right knee twice on day 1 and 4, respectively. Normal saline 0.6 ml (group 1), HA 6 mg (group 2), AOD9604 0.25 mg (group 3), and AOD9604 0.25mg with HA 6 mg (group 4) were injected in the right knee at 4 weeks after the first collagenase injection. All rabbits were euthanized by CO inhalation at 4 weeks after injection of 4 different solutions.
After the commencement of the active treatment 88.9% of subjects experienced at least one AE, whereby the distribution was similar in the 5 AOD9604 groups and the placebo group. There was a higher incidence (48.4%) of nervous system disorders (mainly headache, 42.6%), gastrointestinal disorders (30.4%, mainly diarrhea unspecified, 9.0%) and infections and infestations (45.3%), than seen before the commencement of active treatment. The distribution of the intensity of AEs was similar across all treatment groups. The percentage of AEs that deemed to be possibly or probably related to the study medication was similar across all treatment groups, including placebo.
I can't believe we as Aussies are the 1st to point the finger of other countries on drug cheats, as soon as its in our own backyard and one of our afl footy teams, we seem to downplay the seriousness of drugs in sport, its crazy, and to think they didnt know what was being injected, doh. my favorite is the Shane Warne Diuretics that his mum gave him, lol, 12 month ban, Essendon minimum 2 year ban.....has to be.
In laboratory tests on fat cells from rodents, pigs, dogs, and humans, the HGH fragment released fat specifically from obese fat cells but not from lean ones, reduced new fat accumulation in all fat cells, enhanced the burning of fat. In rodents (rats and mice), HGH fragment reduced body fat in obese animals but, enhanced fat burning without changing food consumption or inducing growth (as it does not increase IGF levels) or any other unwanted Growth Hormone effect. Recent research has shown AOD9604 to be an extremely potent and effective fat burner. Metabolic is developing AOD-9604 for the potential treatment of obesity. Research studies have shown that AOD9604 actually acts on the reduction of excessive adipose tissues such as those in the abdominal area, increase in muscle mass, and enhances the lipid content of the body.